Selasa, 10 Juni 2008

TIPS MEMBUAT KARYA TULIS ESAI

Untuk membuat sebuah esai yang berkualitas, diperlukan kemampuan dasar menulis dan latihan yang terus menerus. Berikut ini panduan dasar dalam menulis sebuah esai.
Struktur Sebuah Esai
Pada dasarnya, sebuah esai terbagi minimum dalam lima paragraf:
1. Paragraf pertama
Dalam paragraf ini penulis memperkenalkan topik yang akan dikemukakan, berikut tesisnya. Tesis ini harus dikemukakan dalam kalimat yang singkat dan jelas, sedapat mungkin pada kalimat pertama. Selanjutnya pembaca diperkenalkan pada tiga paragraf berikutnya yang mengembangkan tesis tersebut dalam beberapa sub topik.
2. Paragraf kedua sampai kelima
Ketiga paragraf ini disebut tubuh dari sebuah esai yang memiliki struktur yang sama. Kalimat pendukung tesis dan argumen-argumennya dituliskan sebagai analisa dengan melihat relevansi dan relasinya dengan masing-masing sub topik.
3. Paragraf kelima (terakhir)
Paragraf kelima merupakan paragraf kesimpulan. Tuliskan kembali tesis dan sub topik yang telah dibahas dalam paragraf kedua sampai kelima sebagai sebuah sintesis untuk meyakinkan pembaca
Langkah-langkah membuat Esai
1. Tentukan topik
2. Buatlah outline atau garis besar ide-ide anda
3. Tuliskan tesis anda dalam kalimat yang singkat dan jelas
4. Tuliskan tubuh tesis anda:
5. Mulailah dengan poin-poin penting
6. kemudian buatlah beberapa sub topik
7. Kembangkan sub topik yang telah anda buat
8. Buatlah paragraf pertama (pendahuluan)
9. Tuliskan kesimpulan
10. Berikan sentuhan terakhir

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